Livestock and agroecology

A summary

  • key opportunities for livestock to contribute to the agroecological transition
    Livestock is found in all agroecosystems and includes a diverse range of species and breeds raised in a variety of production systems.
    Livestock play an important role in enhancing food security and nutrition of the public at large and the rural and urban poor in particular by providing access to nutrient dense food (meat, milk, and eggs)
    Livestock is key to the livelihoods of small-scale farmers, particularly women, providing them with income, capital, fertilizer, fuel, draught power, fibers, and hides.
    Agricultural productivity, income, and resilience can be increased by integrating livestock with other production system components such as trees and crop plants.
    By eating fibrous feeds (e.g. grass and straw) and waste (e.g. swill), livestock makes use of biomass that humans cannot eat and increase natural resource use efficiency.
    Animal mobility within and between agroecosystems and landscapes transfers nutrients, biomass and water in the form of animal manure, and moves people’s assets in times
    of disasters such as floods or drought.
    Manure is rich in nutrients and organic matter, which are key to the physical, chemical and biological properties of healthy soilsGood livestock management practices increase plant biodiversity in grasslands, which in turn enhances productivity, resilience, and other ecosystem services
    Livestock are part of climate solutions, through reducing enteric methane emissions and deploying diverse livestock resources to increase resilience on farm

Details in the FAO Report

http://www.fao.org/3/I8926EN/i8926en.pdf

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Author: Dr Raziq

I’m PhD in Animal Agriculture, currently working as a Technical Manager at Al Ain Dairy (Camel Farm), Alain, UAE. I had worked as a Professor and Dean, at the Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciences Pakistan (LUAWMS). I work on and write for the subjects of ‘turning camel from a beast of burden to a sustainable farm animal’, agricultural research policies, extensive livestock production systems, food security under climate change context, and sustainable use of genetic resources for food and agriculture. I’m the founder and head of the Society of Animal, Veterinary and Animal Scientists (SAVES), Founder of the Camel Association of Pakistan and Organizer of the Group Camel4Life. I also work as a freelance scientist working (currently member of steering committee) for Desert Net International (DNI).

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