Question Asked~ What is the Concept of Small-Scaled Livestock Production Syetems?

A question was asked in the context cited above by a Sudanese colleague. This question was raised in the DAD-Net discussion group. Here the question is provided in the ensuing lines.
Many thanks for the interaction
The question is how can we characterize the small-scale livestock producers in pastoral system?   
kind regards
Hassan Mohammed Nur (PhD)Livestock consultant
Khartoum, Sudan
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Here was my reply;
A definition for small-scaled Livestock Production/farming can be different in different regions/cultures, landscape/ecosystems and demands (consumer demand for livestock products).
In my view (Central and South Asia​), it is a livestock farming system based on local AnGR (with a wide diversity) with the harvest of locally available feed resources (primary or by-products), mainly raised for subsistence (livelihood earning)in a rural background (mainly). Such farming communities practicing small-scaled livestock farming since generations. They are rich with traditional knowledge with diverse skills ranging from animal breeding, feeding, health to marketing etc. They keep different livestock species usually, ranging from chicken, small ruminants to few large ruminants like cow or buffalo (in some cases camels).
There are two main types of small-scaled livestock farming, i.e. 1. owing agricultural land (2-20 acre) 2. landless farmers
But pastoralists/nomads cannot be categorized in this small scaled farming group. They are very specialized professionals and move with their livestock on their fixed and historical routes.
with my best regards
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Author: Dr Raziq

Currently working as Technical Manager Al Ain Dairy Camel Farm, UAE. Before, worked as Prof & Dean Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciences Pakistan. My thematic areas are; research policy, Turning camel from a beast of burden to a sustainable farm animal, extensive livestock production systems. Author is the founder and head of the Society of Animal, Veterinary and Animal Scientists (SAVES) Founder of the Camel Association​ of Pakistan Organizer of the Group Camel4Life. As a freelance scientist working (as a member of steering committee) for Desert Net International (DNI). My focused area of research is the characterization, documentation, and reporting of the indigenous livestock breeds (AnGR) and effort for recognition of the native genetic resources at policy levels. Thinking of natural resources especially, biodiversity and efforts for their judicial use and conservation in the context of climate change and food security is my dream.

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